Indonesia's Social Demographics

Indonesia is getting older. In 1970 the elderly constituted 1% of Indonesia's population. Today it is 8.5%. By 2050 that figure will be 25.5% according to the United Nations. There are currently 20.8 million people aged 60+ in Indonesia, and this will increase to 75 million by 2050.

Indonesians are living longer. Life expectancy is projected to increase from 65.4 years in 2000 to 69.9 in 2015, and to 72 by 2025.

Families are smaller. Indonesia’s fertility rate has dropped from 5.0 in 1975 to 2.3 in 2008, and is projected to drop further to 1.8 by 2020.

The role of women as the 'at home' caregiver has fundamentally changed the provision of care for the elderly. According to the World Bank in 1995 only 63% of females progressed from primary to secondary education, by 2008 that had increased to 93%. In 2003 79.7 of females were enrolled in tertiary education for every 100 males. By 2009 that figure had reached near parity, with 95.9 females enrolled in tertiary study for every 100 males.